EU

Project: Inclusive City for Informal Sector
Rationale
The Ministry of Labor has defined the informal workers as “Workers who are neither protected under nor have the social security from.” The National Statistical Office indicated that in 2014, Thailand had 22.1 million informal workers or 57.6 percent of the total workforce of 38.4 million people. The informal economy is as vital as the formal sector, i.e. the industrial factories or general business companies. Friedrich Schneider and Dominik Enstefrom Austria and Germany, respectively, found that in 2010 the size of the Thai informal sector during the period 1999-2007, contributed to 54.7% of the national gross domestic product (GDP), but the number of informal workers had been paid lower than the minimum wage, suffer health and safety problems in the workplace, are constantly excluded from the normal social security system, which enable employers and industrial sectors rely on legal gaps to hire vulnerable informal workers, especially homeworkers in order to reduce production costs and increase competitiveness. These situation has led to poverty income distribution inequality among the informal sector.

FLEP was founded in 1997, then it was unified in 2002. FLEP campaigns the informal sectorissues for the society to recognize and to understand problems and needs facing the informal sector, advocating the government to issues legal and social protection from the informal sector. Our ceaseless endeavor of Means informal sector society from continuing operations, allowing the informal sector to help the members from membership-based organizations that can register as the HomeNet Thailand Association in 2013. The Foundation and the Association have collaborated with academics and civil society organizations advocate for the law and policy for the benefit of the informal sector. For instance, in 2002, we advocate the National Health Security law, which ensures that all Thai without health security can access national health security scheme. Later in 2010, we advocate the Homeworker Protection Act, and the Ministerial Regulation on Protecting the Domestic Workers in Non-business enterprise Household in 2012, and the Social Security Scheme under Section 40 of the Social Security Act.

Owing to the weak law and policy enforcement many, informal sector are still unaware or lack sufficient knowledge and understandingof the laws and policies currently available. The Local Administrative Organisations, which are the vital government mechanism to implement the law and policy also lack knowledge and experience regarding promoting the quality of life for informal workers, through the provision of protection index the government’s current law and policies and through enabling the informal sector to access the state’s informal sector enhancement programs. FLEP has developed the Inclusive City Project to enable that protection fro informal sector.

Goal
Promote the eight target cities to develop the quality of life for the informal sector on economic and access to sate’s public services.

Objectives
• Promote organizing and strengthen the informal sector organization in order to be able to present their own problems and needs and to have their issues solved by local government agencies;
• Support the development of a city development plan that responds to the problems and needs of informal workers on issues such as public transport system development, law, and regulations that are conducive to professional development in social protection and the distribution of information
• Increase informal workers’ ability to access public services
Duration: 4 years (March 2016 – February 2020)
Target group: 5,000 informal workers and at least 40 local officials from 8 cities
Target areas: 8 cities, namely, Chiang Rai, Phayao, Khon Kaen, Maha Sarakham, Samut Songkhram, Nakorn Pathom, Songkla, Bangkok
Project responsible person Foundation for Labor and Employment Promotion and HomeNet Thailand Association
Funder: European Union

Main Activities
First Year
• Introduce the project to stakeholders;
• Collect basic information about target groups;
• Train informal workers on the Membership Based Organizations;
• Organize workshops for local government officials to on informal sector issues, the laws and policies on informal sector;
• Organize a forum to exchange experiences and lessons on the development of the informal sector in the target cities.
SecondYear
• Follow up and issue recommendations to strengthen the informal sector organizations;
• Leadership training and social communication knowledge for informal sector leaders;
• Training for informal sector leaders in policy advocacy and negotiation
• Study tour in India for local government agencies and informal sector leaders
• Publish a social protection manual for informal workers
• Exchange experience forums and lessons learned from working to improve the informal sector in target cities.
Third to Fourth years
• Follow up and issue recommendations to strengthen the informal sector organizations;
• Promote and develop a network of informal workers from the various occupational group at the city level;
• Supporting the formation of a policy dialogue at the city level; and
• Organize a forum to exchange experiences and lessons on the development of informal workers in the target cities,
Outputs:
The project is expected to deliver the following outputs during the four years:
• Formed an informal sector organizations as a membership-based organization in each target city, and each membership-based organization has at least 800 members;
• At least 160 informal sector leaders or minimum 20 leaders from each group utilize management skills for their membership-based organizations to improve the quality of life for members and the informal sector network. Ensure occupational development, law and policy advocacy, public communication, and negotiation;
• Informal workers in each city have their status improved and are included in urban development by having at least two representatives participating in a number of policies and projects related to informal workers;
• A total number of 40 government officials from eight cities understand of the informal workforce use the experience of implementing the project;
• A network of informal workers formed in the target cities;
• A policy platform between local government agencies and informal sector network representatives at the city level formed and meet at least twice a year in the 3rd and 4th years of the project; and
• At least 5,000 informal workers from eight cities are able to use government and local government’s resources and services.